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የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃት መከላከል ባለሙያዎች

መረጃዎች

ድልድል ፕሮጀክት የሚመነጨው የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃት ሰለባዎችን በመደገፍ እና ጥቃት ፈጻሚዎችን በማከም መርሐግብር ውስጥ ሃይማኖታዊ-ባሕላዊ ትኩረትን እና የመረዳት ዐቅምን ለመገንባት ከፍተኛ የሆነ ጥረት ማድረግ እንደሚገባ ከመረዳት ነው፡፡ በተጓዳኝም ባሕል መር በሆኑ ማኅበረሰቦች ውስጥ ያለ የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃትን በተሻለ ለመረዳትሥነልቦናዊ እና ሃይማኖታዊ መለኪያዎችን ለማሰባጠር ይጥራል፡፡ 

ምንም ስንኳ በዓለም ዙሪያ በርካታ እምነት ተኮር የሆኑ አንቅስቃሴዎች ቢኖሩም ይሄ ከአማኝ ማኅበረሰቦች ጋር የሚሠራ ወሳኝ ሥራ እና ዓለማዊ እና ሃይማኖታዊ አካላትን ለማቀናጀት የተደረገው ጥረት በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ ተሰሚነት ያለውን እጅግ ዓለማዊ የሆነውን የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃት መከላከል አካል ለመስበር አልተቻለውም፡፡ በዩናይትድ ኪንግደም የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃት መከላከል አገልግሎት ቋንቋ እንደሚጠቁመው አገልግሎት ሰጪዎቹ ባሕል መር የሆኑ የጥቃት ዓይነቶችን (ለምሳሌ፡ ክብር፣ ወንጀሎች፣ ወ.ዘ.ተ.) ለማካተት ፈቃደኝነቱ አላቸው ነገር ግን ሃይማኖታዊ-ባሕላዊ ትኩረትን እና መረዳትን ለመገንባት ምንም ዓይነት ቀጣይነት ያለው ጥረት ተደርጎ አያውቅም፡፡ የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃትን እና ስደትን በተመለከተ በዩናይትድ ኪንግደም በመከናወን ላይ የሚገኙ ፕሮጀክቶች እንደሚያረጋግጡት ስደተኛ ማኅበረሰቦች በቤት ውስጥ ጥቃት ጉዳት የሚደርስባቸው ሲሆን ነገር ግን ሰለባዎቹ በቋንቋ ችግር ምክንያት ወይም የነሱን ሃይማኖታዊ-ባሕላዊ ውርስ የሚረዳው አይኖርም ከሚል ስሜት ወይም ደግሞ በሃይማኖታዊ እይታ በታሸ የተለየ አደጋን የማስተናገድ መንገድ ምክንያት የድጋፍ ሥርዓቱን ላይገለገሉ ይችላሉ፡፡

በሌላ በኩል ኢትዮጵያን ጨምሮ ኤርትራን በተወሰነ ደረጃ አካቶ በዝቅተኛ እና መካከለኛ ገቢ ሀገሮች ላይ የተሠራ በርካታ ጥናት እና ተግባር የተያዘው በባሕላዊ መነሾዎች እና በጾታ ዕኩል አለመሆን ማኅበረሰባዊ ንድፈ ዐሳቦች ባደጉ ማኅበረሰቦች ዘንድ በቤት ውስጥ ጥቃት ጥናት እና ተግባር ላይ በሰፊው ከተቆራኙ ሥነልቦናዊ የሆኑ፣ በትውልዶች መሀል ያሉ፣ ሁኔታ ተኮር የሆኑ እና ሌላ በትምህርት መስኮች መካከል ያሉ መለኪያዎችን ችላ ባለ መልኩ የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃትን ለማብራራት እና ችግሩን ለመፍታት ነው፡፡ ካለው ማስረጃ ውስጥ የተወሰነው ወሳኝ በሆነ መንገድ ከቅርርብ እና ፍራቻ ንድፈ ዐሳብ በመነሣት በፍቅር  ግንኙነት ውስጥ እምነት ተኮር ትሩፋቶችን እና መንፈሳዊነትን ከጠባይ ጋር ያገናኘ ሲሆን የዚህ አንድምታ ግን ገና ሙሉ ትኩረት የሚሻ ነው፡፡  

ይሄ ክፍል በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ የሚሠሩ የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃት መከላከል ሠራተኞች ሃይማታዊ-ባሕላዊ መለኪያዎች በቤት ውስጥ ጥቃት ገጠመኝ እና ለችግሩ ምላሽ በማዘጋጀት ወቅት ያላቸውን ሚና በተመለከተ የተሻለ መረዳት ይኖራቸው ዘንድ የሚያግዙ ምንጮችን ተደራሽ ለማድረግ የሚያልም ሲሆን በተጨማሪም የቤት ውስጥ ጥቃትን ለመከላከል ወይም ለማስቀጠል አስተዋጽኦ ያላቸው ሃይማኖታዊ እና ሥነልቦናዊ መለኪያዎች ችግሩን በተሸለ ለመረዳት እና ለመፍታት ከመደበኛው መዋቅር ሊሰባጠሩ የሚችሉበትን መንገድ ለመለየት ያልማል፡፡     

የእኛ መረጃዎች

Faith in gender based violence (GBV) response: exploring relationships and implications for humanitarian practice

3 June 2021

The GBV AoR (Gender Based Violence Area of Responsibility) Community of Practice with the Institute for Research into Superdiversity (IRiS) at the University of Birmingham, JLI/SVRI Faith & GBV Hub and EQUISTY Gender Lab delivered a webinar to explore and exchange information with GBV practitioners on how to better understand how religion, faith, and spirituality can shape GBV survivors’ resilience, recovery, wellbeing and vulnerability. Dr Romina Istratii was one of the main speakers and gave a presentation titled “Understanding the colonial legacies that underpin engagements with religious parameters in humanitarian response and public health.” Dr Istratii noted that practitioners should recognised the epistemological legacies informing theories and practices in the respective sectors in order to understand the limitations of how these sectors currently respond to/work with religious parameters and how to achieve more substantive and nuances engagement approaches.

War and domestic violence: A rapid scoping of the literature to understand the relationship and to inform responses in the Tigray humanitarian crisis

10 April 2021

Unexpectedly, on 4 November 2020 (four days after the official start date of project dldl/ድልድል), a conflict erupted in Tigray region. The eruption of the war raised an urgent need to pay attention to violence experienced in political conflict and to war trauma and to understand the implications for domestic life and family relations in the conflict-affected communities, as well as identify linkages with religio-cultural parameters where these have been identified. The working paper has the two-fold aim to deepen the analysis of domestic violence in conflict-ridden Tigray as part of the ongoing work that we do as project dldl/ድልድል and to inform current humanitarian responses in the region so that they account for context-specific needs and the religio-cultural conditions of the people. The paper is relevant to other emergency contexts within and beyond Ethiopia, as well as migrant and refugee communities.

Discussion group dedicated to promoting integrated approaches to domestic violence in faith communities 

10 January 2021

If you work in the domestic violence sector, such as social work, counselling, GBV interventions internationally or other, you may wish to join the project’s dedicated mail list DV-Gender-Faith on JISCMAIL. This is  intended for domestic violence practitioners, researchers and religious stakeholders to share new research, training materials and experiences in order to build beneficial practices together and to promote better-integrated approaches to addressing domestic violence in religious communities. Subscription is open to all and discussions are public.

Webinar on addressing domestic violence in religious communities in the era of decolonising knowledge 

25 November 2020

A webinar was held in November that  brought together researchers and practitioners from around the world to examine current approaches to domestic violence in religious communities and to identify positive directions for the future. It examined past and current approaches with reflexivity to the limitation of western understandings of ‘religion’, and with the aim of contributing to a diversification of domestic violence understandings and approaches by promoting more Southern-Northern knowledge exchange.

Faith, human psychology and domestic violence: Some ethnographic insights

15 October 2020

Courtesy of Partner Violence & Mental Health Network

Dr Romina Istratii presented  key insights from her year-long theology-informed ethnographic study of domestic violence with the Ethiopian Orthodox Täwahәdo community in the countryside of Northern Ethiopia. The study demonstrated clear associations between individual rationalisations and attitudes towards intimate partner abuse and the participants’ belief systems, as well as the potential of Orthodox theology to counter perceptions of abusiveness conducive to its tolerance by a majority of the population. The study also pointed to interconnections with psychological parameters of violence, suggesting the need for an integrated alleviation approach.